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The methods of landscaping steep slopes and hillsides must simply address creative ways to hold the property in place. And while designs may vary depending on location, materials, and other circumstances, the basics are pretty much the same for most. Some basic methods will hold or simply cover the soil and others will be more elaborate and dependent on other principles
For instance in Excelsior MN , if deep rooted ground cover plants are used without any retaining walls or support, the method of watering will need to be adjusted much different than that of flat or terraced ground. So the survival of ground cover plants and lawns on hills and steep grades will also require different considerations for proper watering.
Layouts and Landscaping Small Backyards
Introduction to Landscape DesignThe Definition of LandscapingImprove the aesthetic appearance of (an area) by changing its contours, adding ornamental features, or planting trees and shrubs."the site has been tastefully landscaped".What is Landscape Design?Landscape design is not something that anyone needs to be fearful of, if you have an idea for your landscape or garden space you will be able to make it reality with a little bit of research and desire to create something beautiful.As a potential Landscape Designer you need to be aware that your backyard masterpiece is going to be a living and growing thing that will change as the plants grow and develop, the environment changes through the season and you and your family use the space you have created. You will also grow as a person and landscaper as you learn through the experience and as a direct result of your personal growth and confidence in your ability your landscaping ideas and designs will also advance dramatically. However you choose to Landscape your garden the priority is always to create something that you love, it will be your space and you will create something that is visually pleasing, functional and ultimately a landscape that works for you and for your garden.What are the Landscaping Elements?The first step in any design process is to put the 'Elements' in place for your Landscaping Space, obviously this changes for every single project because of the size of your space, the level of the ground, the conditions of the site and the soil and what is already there and may need to be worked around.You, as the landscaper, need to sit and draw a rough plan of your space and place in any fixed feature that you may be required to work around (eg. a manhole cover). I would recommend doing a rough scale map of the area you have available to work in. It does not have to be fancy but a plan that is easy for you to work on and visualise your landscaping ideas.When you have your basic plan (make sure you make a few copies) you can start to organise the hardscape materials and plants. Hardscape and Plants are referred to as features.Features are anything that can be physically described by the visual qualities of:Line - Form - Colour - Texture - visual weight.These are the Elements of Landscaping Design.What are the Landscaping Principles? The principles of Landscaping are the guidelines that we use to arrange and organise the features to create a beautiful landscape, the fundamental concepts of landscape composition are proportion (always remember that plants grow over time), order (remember size and colour), repetition (how large or small a space do with to cover with a certain effect), and unity (will they and do they work together).Understanding the Elements and Principles of Landscaping Design is the basic foundation of all landscaping Design, at this stage you just need to put your ideas down and think about what you want to create.If you are brand new to landscape design do not be afraid, just apply your thoughts, ideas and what you are wanting to create to your design and deal with the details as you research and progress further into your landscaping experience.
While the majority of elements discussed here focus on the erosion control and planting of hills and sharp grades, there are also other elements that may need consideration. In some instances, access may be necessary up and down the side of the lot and so of course there will be a need for stairs or steps. This directory has a lot of great ideas and pictures of stairs and steps that can be used in landscaping and garden.
Backyard Landscaping - Stone Structures Are the Best Choice!
Landscaping - Backyard Structures, Helpful Tips & Ideas
Decorative landscaping structures can add a lot to a home: value, beauty, and an outside living or dining area. Some of the most popular landscape structures are pergolas, gazebos, and arbors.PergolasComing from the Latin word pergola, meaning a projecting eve, pergolas were popular in Italian gardens during the times of the Renaissance. Pergolas have vertical posts that anchor and sustain crossbeams and lattice. Though they can be constructed out of vinyl or fiberglass, wood is typically the most popular material and cedar is typically used because of its durability.Smaller pergolas have four posts and measure 8' x 8'. The smaller styles are usually used to bring attention to a specific spot in a garden, like a pool or sitting area. There are no roofs or walls on this type of structure, so one can feel the breeze while relaxing inside of it.Bigger pergolas are often used to form a passageway. Different pergola styles cover walkways, link pavilions to each other, bring attention to a terrace, or provide an extra architectural element to one's home. GazebosGazebos are used all over the world and each country has a different name for them. They can add a beauty and function to any backyard.Gazebos are usually octagonal or round in shape and can be small enough to fit a few garden lounge chairs in or big enough to host a band. They will have at least four posts and are open structures made of wood, metal, vinyl, or fiberglass. Gazebos have a roof that has one or two tiers that provide protection from the elements.Modern homeowners may choose to build a gazebo in a backyard as part of deck, pool area, or even onto an area of concrete on a patio. People look for gazebos to host parties in, shade an outside dining set, or to cover a spa or lounge area.Non-traditional uses of gazebos include using them as a work or meeting space if the weather is nice. Some suggest using a gazebo as a play area for children. Gardeners are using gazebos as potting sheds so everything can be conveniently located close to the home garden. Some homeowners even place exercise equipment in their gazebos.ArborsArbors in the garden are typically arches that create a focal point to a bigger element in a yard or to welcome guests to one's home. These structures can also provide a short walkway cover, be placed over a bench or gate, be used at the beginning of a path, and indicate a walkway up to a home or an opening in a garden.Arbors often have vines growing on them and can be made of wood or vinyl and can be used in a garden of any size. A cedar arbor is the most popular type because of the durability of the natural resource. A vinyl arbor is the second most popular choice for its durability and light weight.Placing Landscaping StructuresDeciding on a place to put landscaping structures can be as difficult as choosing which one to get. One needs to think about what makes the most sense for their garden and how much room is available. Landscaping structures are great to use at the end or beginning of a path. If there is a hill on one's home that has a great view, take advantage of the viewpoint by placing a structure there. When a water element is available, landscape designers will place a structure near the water so the sound can be enjoyed. The water element could be a pool, pond, or small waterfall. The deck is also a great place to build a landscaping structure since it is a convenient location close to the home. Some will even place a landscape structure in the middle of a large garden to create a reading area or tea room.Using a landscaping structure is a simple way to add an element of style and elegance to any home in a manner that can be cost efficient and worth every penny.~ Flora Richards-Gustafson, 2009
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor space using the compositional elements of vegetation, landform, water and structures such as walls, seating, lighting, steps etc. The U.S.A. is a large country with varied geographical resources presenting opportunities to landscape architects to improvise with and accommodate these resources. Even though there is minimal threat to natural habitats the growing urbanization and moving population is encouraging construction and designing of neighborhood parks or playgrounds. These are relatively small but of intensive use for education, health and recreation purposes. The first American professional landscape architect Frederick Law Olmstead Sr. was responsible for construction of the new Central Park (NY) in 1857. The project was resumed after the Civil War along with new ones in Brooklyn, N.Y.; New Britain, Connecticut; San Francisco, California; Chicago, Illinois and across America. With the success of these ventures and the growing popularity of constructed park cemeteries, the landscape gardener was beginning to be referred to as a landscape architect. Schools and colleges across the country pitched in, offering professional degrees in landscape architecture to budding landscape architects. Landscape architecture is now recognized by the International Labor Organization and is represented by the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA).The landscape architect is not a lonely figure. They have the backing of professional associations and a wide spectrum of projects ranging from roads, reservoirs, river reclamation, forests, housing development projects, industrial estates, rapid urbanization and other projects. If one is thinking of becoming a landscape architect, one needs to have a creative flair and appreciation for nature in all its forms. Along with this is needed an analytical mind to design, manage, preserve and rehabilitate cities into functional and aesthetically pleasing entities. Whether working for a firm or being self-employed, the increasing demand for designed outdoor spaces is turning landscape architecture into a challenging profession.