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The methods of landscaping steep slopes and hillsides must simply address creative ways to hold the property in place. And while designs may vary depending on location, materials, and other circumstances, the basics are pretty much the same for most. Some basic methods will hold or simply cover the soil and others will be more elaborate and dependent on other principles
For instance in Eden Prairie MN , if deep rooted ground cover plants are used without any retaining walls or support, the method of watering will need to be adjusted much different than that of flat or terraced ground. So the survival of ground cover plants and lawns on hills and steep grades will also require different considerations for proper watering.
Some good patio landscaping ideas for planting steep slopes as well as different methods and examples landscape water features for hillsides.
Decorative landscaping structures can add a lot to a home: value, beauty, and an outside living or dining area. Some of the most popular landscape structures are pergolas, gazebos, and arbors.PergolasComing from the Latin word pergola, meaning a projecting eve, pergolas were popular in Italian gardens during the times of the Renaissance. Pergolas have vertical posts that anchor and sustain crossbeams and lattice. Though they can be constructed out of vinyl or fiberglass, wood is typically the most popular material and cedar is typically used because of its durability.Smaller pergolas have four posts and measure 8' x 8'. The smaller styles are usually used to bring attention to a specific spot in a garden, like a pool or sitting area. There are no roofs or walls on this type of structure, so one can feel the breeze while relaxing inside of it.Bigger pergolas are often used to form a passageway. Different pergola styles cover walkways, link pavilions to each other, bring attention to a terrace, or provide an extra architectural element to one's home. GazebosGazebos are used all over the world and each country has a different name for them. They can add a beauty and function to any backyard.Gazebos are usually octagonal or round in shape and can be small enough to fit a few garden lounge chairs in or big enough to host a band. They will have at least four posts and are open structures made of wood, metal, vinyl, or fiberglass. Gazebos have a roof that has one or two tiers that provide protection from the elements.Modern homeowners may choose to build a gazebo in a backyard as part of deck, pool area, or even onto an area of concrete on a patio. People look for gazebos to host parties in, shade an outside dining set, or to cover a spa or lounge area.Non-traditional uses of gazebos include using them as a work or meeting space if the weather is nice. Some suggest using a gazebo as a play area for children. Gardeners are using gazebos as potting sheds so everything can be conveniently located close to the home garden. Some homeowners even place exercise equipment in their gazebos.ArborsArbors in the garden are typically arches that create a focal point to a bigger element in a yard or to welcome guests to one's home. These structures can also provide a short walkway cover, be placed over a bench or gate, be used at the beginning of a path, and indicate a walkway up to a home or an opening in a garden.Arbors often have vines growing on them and can be made of wood or vinyl and can be used in a garden of any size. A cedar arbor is the most popular type because of the durability of the natural resource. A vinyl arbor is the second most popular choice for its durability and light weight.Placing Landscaping StructuresDeciding on a place to put landscaping structures can be as difficult as choosing which one to get. One needs to think about what makes the most sense for their garden and how much room is available. Landscaping structures are great to use at the end or beginning of a path. If there is a hill on one's home that has a great view, take advantage of the viewpoint by placing a structure there. When a water element is available, landscape designers will place a structure near the water so the sound can be enjoyed. The water element could be a pool, pond, or small waterfall. The deck is also a great place to build a landscaping structure since it is a convenient location close to the home. Some will even place a landscape structure in the middle of a large garden to create a reading area or tea room.Using a landscaping structure is a simple way to add an element of style and elegance to any home in a manner that can be cost efficient and worth every penny.~ Flora Richards-Gustafson, 2009
While the majority of elements discussed here focus on the erosion control and planting of hills and sharp grades, there are also other elements that may need consideration. In some instances, access may be necessary up and down the side of the lot and so of course there will be a need for stairs or steps. This directory has a lot of great ideas and pictures of stairs and steps that can be used in landscaping and garden.
Shade gardens are consistent landscaping themes because they're beautiful and, more important, easy to maintain while using less water. In some regions, designing with shade may be a necessity; even full-sun plants are still blistered by heat throughout the south. Retractable awnings are integral elements for shade gardens by providing a consistent way to filter heat, UV rays, and sunlight while still allowing enough light at the right times to help plants grow.Lighting Issues for GardensThe big question is: why does shade matter to a garden when sunlight makes plants grow?George Gustafson, a master gardener with the Oklahoma State University Extension Office, explains that sun can cause damage to leaves and blooms, retard growth, and deplete moisture from the soil. Even plants labeled full sun may not be able to actually withstand full sun; Gustafson says the industry labels a plant full sun if it requires daylong sunlight if planted north of Kansas City. For any region south of Kansas City - from San Diego to Little Rock to Atlanta - even full sun plants can die in afternoon sunlight. Plants marked "full shade" still need light, but it should be filtered, like morning light or filtered light.Another factor is the affect sunlight has on maintaining a garden. Indianapolis-based landscape architect Dean Hill points out that sunlight stimulates weed growth and increases how frequently one has to water, fertilize, and manage plants, such as mowing and pruning. Both Gustafson and Hill recommend low-water use landscaping techniques (called xeriscaping) to lower the amount of maintenance in a yard, and Hill notes that low-water use techniques are also more eco-friendly. A few options:o Incorporating shade elements like retractable awning lowers heat and sunlight, reduces weed growth, and keeps water in the soil.o Reducing the amount of turf (grass) in the yard since flower gardens can actually require less water and maintenance.o Using native plants since "native plants are hardy," Hill explains. "They require less maintenance and less water." Gustafson notes the smaller blooms for native plants make them less popular than their cultivated cousins, so other xeriscaping techniques, like using shade, are important.Gardens depend on shade elements for filtered light. Controlling glare and heat creates more enjoyable and useful garden spaces. Some people avoid retractable awning shade elements because they think shade plants should all be green, something Gustafson disputes. "There are all kinds of hostas and ferns - yellow, white, variegated, different colors."Hill agrees. "A little research will reveal a veritable plethora of plants," he says, "a really expanded plant palette. Hydrangeas, ferns, shrubs, perennials. Perennials are really great for shade." One of Gustafson's favorites is a special kind of rose bush which is well suited to almost any environment: "It blooms all summer, grows north-facing, can go full sun or shade."Using retractable awnings for shade gardens can offer a variety of beautiful and long-lived texture, with "bright leaves in dark spots," as Gustafson describes it.Even apartments, condos, and balconies, prone to swinging temperatures and low moisture because of the shallow soil depth, can benefit with retractable awnings protecting container gardens. Retractable awnings block sunlight and heat gain; light-colored fabrics reflect heat and light more effectively while keeping the balcony bright and welcoming. Potted gardens allow you to experiment with your garden. "If a plant doesn't do well in one place, put it in another location," Gustafson encourages. "Find out what grows best in their place."Effective Retractable AwningsRetractable awnings control shade, which makes them much more versatile than fixed awnings or permanent construction. Retractable awnings have adjustable pitches (slopes) and can be extended and retracted part-way, so the amount of light can be adjusted according to your garden needs. Other features make retractable awnings even more functional:o Motors control retractable awnings remotely through sensors or timers.o Sun sensors respond to light levels and retract the awning in the morning or on cloudy days, when the sunlight is filtered and mild, while being automatically protecting plants from damaging afternoon sunlight and heat. o Wind and motion sensors automatically retract awnings in high wind speeds or when abrupt motions occur that could damage the awning.o Timers and remote controls control retractable awnings by preset schedules or at the touch of a button.Stylistically, the clean lines of retractable awnings fit with almost any kind of landscaping or architectural design. "Retractable awnings are very easily incorporated in landscape structures," Hill says, "cutting down on sun exposure and quite honestly, just improving comfort." Through extensive fabric selections (as many as 500 options for long-wearing solution-dyed acrylic) and nearly a dozen frame styles. Lightweight, durable aluminum frames mean that retractable awnings are also easy to install for a do-it-yourself-er.The Key to Easy GardeningShade makes it easier to keep up your garden. By cleverly positioning retractable awnings throughout your landscaping, you can create an oasis for plants - and yourself - by providing controllable shade elements, so you can:o Lower the amount of wateringo Depress weed growtho Have healthier plants by filtering lighto Control heatFrom apartments to acreages, gardens are a vital avenue to experiencing nature. Retractable awnings moderate temperature and sunlight for a better outdoor environment.
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor space using the compositional elements of vegetation, landform, water and structures such as walls, seating, lighting, steps etc. The U.S.A. is a large country with varied geographical resources presenting opportunities to landscape architects to improvise with and accommodate these resources. Even though there is minimal threat to natural habitats the growing urbanization and moving population is encouraging construction and designing of neighborhood parks or playgrounds. These are relatively small but of intensive use for education, health and recreation purposes. The first American professional landscape architect Frederick Law Olmstead Sr. was responsible for construction of the new Central Park (NY) in 1857. The project was resumed after the Civil War along with new ones in Brooklyn, N.Y.; New Britain, Connecticut; San Francisco, California; Chicago, Illinois and across America. With the success of these ventures and the growing popularity of constructed park cemeteries, the landscape gardener was beginning to be referred to as a landscape architect. Schools and colleges across the country pitched in, offering professional degrees in landscape architecture to budding landscape architects. Landscape architecture is now recognized by the International Labor Organization and is represented by the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA).The landscape architect is not a lonely figure. They have the backing of professional associations and a wide spectrum of projects ranging from roads, reservoirs, river reclamation, forests, housing development projects, industrial estates, rapid urbanization and other projects. If one is thinking of becoming a landscape architect, one needs to have a creative flair and appreciation for nature in all its forms. Along with this is needed an analytical mind to design, manage, preserve and rehabilitate cities into functional and aesthetically pleasing entities. Whether working for a firm or being self-employed, the increasing demand for designed outdoor spaces is turning landscape architecture into a challenging profession.
Landscape Design Ideas MN